AIDS and Anthropology Bibliography - Chronological

-----. Aids, the Workplace Issues Ama Management Briefing. New York: AMA Membership Publications Division American Management Association, 1985.

________. Aids and the Law, Edited by Harlon L Dalton, Scott Burris and Yale AIDS Law Project. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.

________. "Facing Aids: A Special Issue." Radical America 20, no. 6 (1987): 1-88.

________. "Aids: Communities Respond." Radical America 21, no. 2-3 (1988): 1-71.

________. "Aids and the Canadian Business Community : A Research Study." iii, 51, [13]. Ottawa: The Society, 1989.

________. Aids Care. Vol. Vol. 1, no. 1-. Abingdon, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Carfax Pub. Co., 1989.

________. An Assessment of Volunteer Activity in Aids Organizations in Canada a Study Conducted by the Village Clinic. Ottawa: Canadian AIDS Society, 1989.

________. Finding a Cure for Aids : A Challenge for Society. Québec: Ministère de la santé et des services sociaux, 1989.

________. Act Now : Managing Hiv and Aids in the Canadian Workplace. Ottawa: Canadian AIDS Society = Société canadienne du sida, 1990.

________. Le Temps D'agir : Le Vih Et Le Sida En Milieu De Travail Au Canada. Ottawa: Société canadienne du sida = Canadian Aids Society, 1990.

________. Aids: An Epidemic of Ethical Puzzles, Edited by The Hastings Center. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth Publishing Company, 1991.

________. Homophobia, Heterosexism and Aids : Creating a More Effective Response to Aids. Ottawa: Canadian AIDS Society = Société canadienne de sida, 1991.

________. L'homophobie, L'hétérosexisme Et Le Sida : En Vue D'une Réaction Plus Efficace Au Sida. Ottawa: Société canadienne du sida = Canadian AIDS Society, 1991.

________. "The Hiv/Aids Epidemic in a Commuting Population: Puerto Ricans in New York City and Puerto Rico." In Conference on AIDS Air-Bridge between Puerto Rico and New York, edited by Barbara S. Menendez. Lehman College, City University of New York, 1992.

________. "Nida Campaign Spotlights Drugs Alcohol Hiv Link." Public Health Report 107, no. 6 (1992): 742.

________. Proposal to the American Anthropological Association for the Creation of a Task Force on Discrimination against Lesbians and Gay Men in Anthropology. Society of Lesbian and Gay Anthropologists: Committee on Discrimination, E. Blackwood, Chair, 1992.

________. The Canadian Survey of Gay and Bisexual Men and Hiv Infection : Men's Survey. Ottawa: Canadian AIDS Society = Société canadienne du sida, 1993.

________. Positive Living : A Manual for People Affected by Aids/Hiv. 1st ed. Vancouver, B.C.: Vancouver Persons with AIDS Society, 1993.

________. Guia Episcopal Para Tap : Usado Por Advocates for Youth's Teens for Aids Prevention (Tap) Peer Education Program. New York: Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, 1994.

________. Aids : Society at Stake. S.l.: s.n., 1996.

________. Aids and Behavior. Vol. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 1997). New York, NY: Plenum Press, 1997.

________. Living with Hiv/Aids : Experiences of the People. Calgary: Canadian Red Cross Society Southern Alberta Region, 1997.

________. Gay and Lesbian Legal Issues and Hiv/Aids : Final Report. Montréal: Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network = Réseau juridique canadien VIH/Sida, 1998.

________. "Sexuality and Generational Identities in Sub-Saharan Africa." Africa Today, Elisha P. Renne and

Kearsley A. Stewart, eds. 47 (2000): 3.

________. "Towards an Historical Perspective on Sexuality in Uganda:

The Reproductive Lifelines of Grandmothers and Their Daughters." Africa Today 47, no. 3 (2000): 171-208.

________. Hiv/Aids in Prisons : 2001/2002 : --Series of 13 Info Sheets on Hiv/Aids in Prisons. 2nd, rev. and updated ed. Montréal: Canadian HIV-AIDS Legal Network = Réseau juridique canadien VIH-sida, 2001.

________. Aids in China. Washington DC, DC: International Pub. House for Chinas Culture, 2004.

Abramson, Paul R. "Sexual Assessment and the Epidemiology of Aids." The Journal of Sex Research 25, no. 3 (1988): 323-346.

________. "The Assessment of Sexual Practices Relevant to the Transmession of Aids a Global Perspective." The Journal of Sex Research 27, no. 2 (1990): 215-232.

________. "Back to Basics: Developing Measures for the Assessment of Sexual Practices Related to the Transmission of Hiv." In Wenner-Gren Conference of AIDS Research. Estes Park Colorado, 1990.

________. "Sexual Science: Emerging Discipline of Oxymoron." The Journal of Sex Research 27, no. 2 (1990): 147-165.

________. "Sex Lies and Ethnography." The Time of AIDS Social Analysis Theory and Method (1992): 101-123.

Abramson, Paul R., and Gilbert Herdt. "The Assessment of Sexual Practices Relevant to the Transmission of Aids: A Global Perspective." The Journal of Sex Research 27, no. 2 (1990): 215-232.

Abramson, Paul R, and Eldridge H Pearsall. "Facilitating Maternal Fetal Health: The Broader Policy Implication of Safe Sex." AIDS and Public Policy Journal 3 (1998): 42-46.

Abramson, Paul R, Joan C Sekler, Richard Berk, and Monique Y Cloud. "An Evaluation of an Undergraduate Course on Aids." Evaluation Review 13, no. 5 (1989): 516-532.

Acree, Michael, Maria Ekstrand, Thomas J. Coates, and Ron Stall. "Mode Effects in Surveys of Gay Men: A within-Individual Comparison of Responses by Mail and by Telephone." Journal of Sex Research 36, no. 1 (1999): 67-75.

Adair, Peter, Janet Cole, and Select Media. Absolutely Positive. New York, N.Y.: Select Media, 1991.

Adam, Barry D. "Pasivos Y Activos En Nicaragua: Homosexuality without a Gay World." Outlook 1, no. 4 (1989): 74-82.

________. "The State Public Policy and Aids Discourse." Contemproary Crises 13 (1989): 1-14.

Adam, Barry D. "Sex and Caring among Gay Men: Impacts of Aids on Gay People." In Modern Homosexualities: Fragments of Lesbian and Gay Experience, edited by Ken Plummer. London: Routledge, 1992.

Adam, Barry D., and Alan Sears. "Negotiating Sexual Relationships after Testing Hiv-Positive." Medical Anthropology 16 (1994): 63-77.

Adam, Barry D. "Mobilizing around Aids." In In Changing Times, edited by Martin Levine, Peter Nardi and John Gangon. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Adam, Barry D, Elanor Maticka-Tyndale, and Jeffrey J Cohen. Living with Combination Therapies. Windsor, Ontario: Ontario HIV Treatment Network, 2001.

Adam, Barry D, and A Sears. Experiencing Hiv. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

Adam, Barry D, A Sears, and G Schellenberg. "Accounting for Unsafe Sex." Journal of Sex Research 37, no. 1 (2000): 259-271.

Adams, J., M. A. Terry, G. M. Rebchook, L. O'Donnell, J. A. Kelly, N. R. Leonard, and M. S. Neumann. "Orientation and Training: Preparing Agency Administrators and Staff to Replicate an Hiv Prevention Intervention." AIDS Educ Prev 12, no. 5 Suppl (2000): 75-86.

Adler, N. E., T. Boyce, M. A. Chesney, S. Cohen, S. Folkman, R. L. Kahn, and S. L. Syme. "Socioeconomic Status and Health. The Challenge of the Gradient." American Psychologist 49, no. 1 (1994): 15-24.

Adler, N. E., W. T. Boyce, M. A. Chesney, S. Folkman, and S. L. Syme. "Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health. No Easy Solution." JAMA 269, no. 24 (1993): 3140-5.

Adler, Patricia. Wheeling and Dealing: An Ethnography of an Upper-Level Drug Dealing and Smuggling Community. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Adler, P. "Ethnographic Research on Hidden Populations: Penetrating the Drug World." In The Collection and Interpretation of Data from Hidden Populations, 90, 96-112: NIDA Monograph, 1990.

Adler, Patricia, and Peter Adler. Membership Roles in Field Research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1987.

Agar, Michael. Ripping and Running. New York: Academic Press, 1973.

________. "Going through the Changes: Methadone in New York." Human Organization 36 (1977): 291-295.

________. "That Whole Ritual Thing: Ritualistic Drug Use among Urban American Heroin Addicts." In Drugs, Rituals and Altered States of Consciousness, edited by Brian Du Toit, 137-168. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema, 1977.

________. The Professional Stranger. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, Inc., 1980.

________. "Recasting The "Ethno" In "Epidemiology."." Medical Anthropology 16 (1996): 391-403.

________. "Ethnography: An Overview." Substance Use and Misuse 32, no. 9 (1997): 1155-1173.

Agar, Michael , and Richard Stephens. "The Methadone Street Scene." Psychiatry 38 (1975): 291-287.

Aggleton, Peter. Learning About Aids : Scientific and Social Issues. 2nd ed. Edinburgh ; New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1994.

Aggleton, P., and T. J. Coates. "Aids 1995. Social, Cultural and Political Aspects: Overview." AIDS 9 Suppl A (1995): S237-8.

Aggleton, Peter, Peter Davies, and Graham Hart. Aids: Social Representations Social Practices. Philadelphia: The Falmer Press, 1989.

________. Aids: Individual Cultural and Policy Dimensions. Philadelphia: The Falmer Press, 1990.

________. Aids: Responses Interventions and Care. Bristol PA: The Falmer Press, 1991.

________. Aids: Rights Risk and Reason. London: The Falmer Press, 1992.

________. Aids: Facing the Second Decade. London: The Falmer Press, 1993.

________. Aids: Foundations for the Future. London: Taylor & Francis, 1994.

Aggleton, Peter, and Health Education Authority (Great Britain). Learning About Aids : Scientific and Social Issues. 2nd ed. Edinburgh ; New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1994.

Aggleton, Peter, and H. Homans. Social Aspects of Aids. Philadelphia: The Falmer Press, 1988.

Aggleton, Peter, Kevin O'Reilly, Gary Slutkin, and Peter Davies. "Risking Everything Risk Behavior Behavior Change and Aids." Science 265 (1994): 341-345.

Aguirre-Molina, Marilyn. "Issues for Latinas: Puerto Rican Women." In Alcohol and Drugs Are Women's Issues, 1, 93-100. Newark, N.J: Scarecrow Press, 1991.

Ahlbert, Beth Maina. "Aids Sexuality and Gender Relations in Central Kenya." In American Anthropological Association. Chicago, 1991.

Ahmed, Akbar S., and Cris Shore. The Future of Anthropology : Its Relevance to the Contemporary World. London ; Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Athlone, 1995.

Ahmed, Samira A. "Social Structure and Hiv Risk in a Low Prevalence Nation." In American Anthropological Association Meeting. Chicago, 1991.

Ahmed, Samira Amin, and Al Haj Hamad M Kheir. "Sudanese Sexual Behaviour Socio-Cultural Norms and the Transmission of Hiv." Sexual Behavior and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-Cultural Studies on the Transmission of HIV (1992): 303-314.

AIDS Community Research Group. Aids: Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior in an Ethnically Mixed Urban Neighborhood. Hartford,CT: Special Report to the Connecticut State Department of Health Services, 1988.

________. "Aids: Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior in Hartford's Neighborhoods." Hartford,CT: Special Report to the Connecticut State Department of Health Services, 1989.

AIDS, National Commission on. "Preventing Hiv /Aids in Adolescents." Journal of School Health 64, no. 1 (1994): 39-51.

Airhihenbuwa, Collins O. "Perspectives on Aids in Africa: Strategies for Preventon and Control." Aids Education adn Prevention 1, no. 1 (1989): 57-69.

Airhihenbuwa, C. O., R. J. DiClemente, G. M. Wingood, and A. Lowe. "Hiv/Aids Education and Prevention among African-Americans: A Focus on Culture." AIDS Education and Prevention 4, no. 3 (1992): 267-76.

AItman, Dennis. "Political Sexualities: Meanings and Iden- Tities in the Time of Aids." In Conceiving Sexuality: Approaches to Sex Research in a Postmodern World, edited by Richard G. Parker and John H. Gagnon, 97-106. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Ajuwon, Ademola J., Willi McFarland, Esther S. Hudes, Sam Adedapo, Toyin Okikiolu, and Peter Lurie. "Hiv Risk-Related Behavior, Sexual Coercion, and Implications for Prevention Strategies among Female Apprentice Tailors, Ibadan, Nigeria." AIDS & Behavior 6, no. 3 (2002): 229-235.

Akinade, E.A. "Risk-Taking Behavior and Substance Abuse Vis-a-Vis Hiv Transmission in African Societies." Journal of Instructional Psychology 28, no. 1 (2001): 3-8.

Alagiri, P., C. Collins, T. Summers, S. Morin, and T. J. Coates. Global Spending on Hiv/Aids: Tracking Public and Private Investments in Aids Prevention, Care, and Research. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001.

Albert, Edward. "Acquired Immunity Deficiency Syndrome: The Victim and the Press." In Studies in Communication, edited by Thelma McCormick, 3, 135-158. Greenwich CT: JAI Press, 1986.

________. "Illness and Deviance: The Response of the Press to Aids." In The Social Dimensions of Aids Method and Theory, edited by Douglas A Feldman and Thomas M Johnson, 163-178. New York: Praeger, 1986.

Albrecht, Gary L., and Rick S. Zimmerman. The Social and Behavioral Aspects of Aids Advances in Medical Sociology ; V. 3. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1993.

Alcorn, Keith. "Aids in the Public Sphere: How a Broadcasting System in Crisis Dealt with an Epidemic." In Taking Liberties: Aids and Cultural Politics, edited by Erica Carter and Simon Watney, 193-212. London: Serpent's Tail, 1989.

Alexander, Priscilla. Totem and Taboo: Aids and Prostitution. London: Taylor & Francis, 1995.

Alexandrova, Anna, and International Debate Education Association. Aids, Drugs, and Society. Rev. ed. New York: International Debate Education Association, 2004.

Allen, S., J. Batungwanayo, K. Kerlikowske, A. R. Lifson, W. Wolf, R. Granich, H. Taelman, P. Van de Perre, A. Serufilira, J. Bogaerts, and et al. "Two-Year Incidence of Tuberculosis in Cohorts of Hiv-Infected and Uninfected Urban Rwandan Women." American Review of Respiratory Disease 146, no. 6 (1992): 1439-44.

Allen, S., A. Serufilira, J. Bogaerts, P. Van de Perre, F. Nsengumuremyi, C. Lindan, M. Carael, W. Wolf, T. Coates, and S. Hulley. "Confidential Hiv Testing and Condom Promotion in Africa. Impact on Hiv and Gonorrhea Rates." JAMA 268, no. 23 (1992): 3338-43.

Allen, S., A. Serufilira, V. Gruber, S. Kegeles, P. Van de Perre, M. Carael, and T. J. Coates. "Pregnancy and Contraception Use among Urban Rwandan Women after Hiv Testing and Counseling." American Journal of Public Health 83, no. 5 (1993): 705-10.

Allers, C.T., K.J Benjack, J. White, and J.T Rousey. " Hiv Vulnerability and the Adult Survivor of Childhood Sexual Abus." Child Abuse & Neglect 17 (1993): 291-298.

Alleyne, George. "The Health and Wealth of Nations." AIDS Patient Care & STDs 14, no. 9 (2000): 501-504.

Almeida, de, Vagner, R Parker, R Quemmel, and V Jr. Terto. "Expressionist Theatre and Hiv/Aids Prevention for Men Who Have Sex with Men in Brazil." In Tenth International Conference on AIDS/International Conference on STD, Vol 1, 387. Yokohama, 1994.

Almond, Brenda. Aids : A Moral Issue : The Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990.

Alonso, A., M. Koreck. "Silences: Hispanics, Aids, and Sexual Practices." Differences 1 (1989): 102-124.

Alpers, A. "Criminal Act or Palliative Care? Prosecutions Involving the Care of the Dying." Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26, no. 4 (1998): 308-31.

Alpers, A., and B. Lo. "Does It Make Clinical Sense to Equate Terminally Ill Patients Who Require Life-Sustaining Interventions with Those Who Do Not?" JAMA 277, no. 21 (1997): 1705-8.

________. "Avoiding Family Feuds: Responding to Surrogate Demands for Life-Sustaining Interventions." Journal of Law Medicine & Ethics V27, no. 1 (1999): 74-80.

________. "The Supreme Court Addresses Physician-Assisted Suicide. Can Its Rulings Improve Palliative Care?" Archives of Family Medicine 8, no. 3 (1999): 200-5.

Altman, Dennis. "Aids: The Politicization of an Epidemic." Social Review 14 (1984): 93-109.

________. Aids in the Mind of America: The Social Political and Psychological Impact of a New Epidemic. Garden City, NY: Anchor/Doubleday, 1986.

________. "Legitimation through Disaster: Aids and the Gay Movement." In Aids: The Burdens of History, edited by Elizabeth F Lee and Daniel M Fox, 301-315. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

________. Power and Community: Organizational and Cultural Responses to Aids. London: Taylor & Francis, 1994.

Altmann, Michael, D. Peterson, K. Willard, and R. Needle. "Social Network Characteristics of Iv Drug Users: Implications for Ethnic/Neighborhood Studies of Hiv Transmission (Abstract F.C.686)." In Sixth International Conference on AIDS, 2, 252. San Francisco, 1990.

Alumba, Katele K. "Anthropological Theory and Aids Counseling." In The American Anthropological Association annual meeting. Chicago, 1991.

Alvarado, N., C. Mandic, C. Gomez, and C. Dawson-Rose. Prevention Strategies of Hiv Positive Injection Drug Users (Venus Study). San Francisco: UCSF AIDS Research Institute, 2001.

Amaro, Hortensia. "Considerations for Prevention of Hiv Infection among Hispanic Women." Psychology of Women Quarterl 12 (1988): 429-443.

________. "Love, Sex, and Power: Considering Women's Realities in Hiv Prevention." American Psychologist 50 (1995): 437-447.

Amaro, Hortensia, and R Campa. Aids Services in the Boston Area Latino Community: Findings and Recommendations. Boston: Latino Health Network and Boston University School of Public Health, 1989.

American Management Association. Aids, the New Workplace Issues Ama Management Briefing. New York: AMA Membership Publications Division American Management Association, 1988.

American, Scientific. The Science of Aids. New York: W. H. Freeman, 1989.

American School Health Association., Association for the Advancement of Health Education (U.S.), Society for Public Health Education., United States. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion., Centers for Disease Control (U.S.), and National Institute on Drug Abuse. The National Adolescent Student Health Survey : A Report on the Health of America's Youth. Oakland, Calif.: Third Party Pub. Co., 1989.

Anarfi, John. "Sexual Networking in Selected Communities in Ghana and the Sexual Behaviour of Ghanian Female Migrants in Abidjan Cote D'ivoire." In Sexual Behavior and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-Cultural Studies on the Transmission of Hiv, edited by Tim Dyson, 233-248. Liege Belgium: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, 1992.

Anderson, A , and V.E. Gil. "Prostitution, Public Policy, and the Rehabilitative Ideal in the People's Republic of China." International Criminal Justice Review 4 (1995): 23-36.

Anderson, A.F , and V.E Gil. "China's Modernization and the Decline of Commun-Itarianism: The Control of Sex Crimes and Implications for the Fate of Informal Social Control. Special Issue "Crime and Control in Modern China"." The Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 14, no. 3 (1998): 248-261.

Anderson, EA, D Beeson, DA Feldman, MR Ginsberg, C Levine, RM Rice, SM Vincent, and D Weinstein. "Aids Public Policy: Implications for Families." New England Journal of Public Policy 4, no. 1 (1988): 411-427.

Anderson, JE, M Burnett, R Cheney, M Clatts, S Faruque, M Kipka, A Long, S Mills, and W Wiebel. "Condom Use in 8 High Risk Populations." In APHA annual meeting on Public Health and Diversity: Opportunities for Equity. Washington DC, 1994.

Anderson, Kenneth T., and Stephen K. Koester. "Something Is Wrong with That Dude!" In Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Washington, D.C., 1993.

Anderson, Kenneth T, and Stephen K Koester. "Something Is Wrong with That Dude." In American Anthropological Association annual meeting. Washington DC, 1993.

Anderson, Roy. "The Transmission Dymanics of Sexually Transmitted Diseases: The Behavioral Component." In Sexual Behavior and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-Cultural Studies on the Transmission of Hiv, edited by Tim Dyson, 23-48. Liege Belgium: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, 1992.

Andina, Michele M. "Needle Park Zurich Switzerland Combating Aids or Politicians." In American Anthropolgical Association annual meeting. New Orleans LA, 1990.

Andrade, Tarcisio, Peter Lurie, Maria Guadalupe Medina, Kim Anderson, and Ines Dourado. "The Opening of South America's First Needle Exchange Program and an Epidemic of Crack Use in Salvador, Bahia-Brazil." AIDS & Behavior 5, no. 1 (2001): 51-64.

Andrews, Stanley B. "Straight Sex and the Stigma of Hiv/Aids: Support Groups on the Gold Coast." Practicing Anthropology 15, no. 4 (1993): 30-36.

Andriote, John-Manuel. Victory Deferred : How Aids Changed Gay Life in America. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Ankrah, E Maxine. "Aids: Methodological Problems in Studying Its Prevention and Spread." Social Sciences and Medicine 29, no. 3 (1989): 265-276.

________. "Aids and the Social Side of Health." Social Sciences and Medicine 32, no. 9 (1991): 967-980.

________. "The Impact of Hiv/Aids on the Family and Other Significant Relationships: The African Clan Revisited." AIDS Care 5, no. 1 (1993): 5-22.

Ankrah, E Maxine, and Lawrence Gostin. "Ethical and Legal Considerations." In Aids in Africa, edited by Max Essex, Souleymane Mboup, Phillis J Kanki and Bbowa R Kalengayi, 547-558. New York: Raven Press, 1994.

Ankrah, E. Maxine, and Jane Kengeya-Kayondo. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: Perceptions of Risk and the Response of Women in Uganda.

Ankrah, E Maxine, Jane Kengeya-Kayondo, and Barbara de Zalduondo. "Women's Perceptions of Partner Relations: Their Effects on Hiv Risk Behavior." In American Anthropological Association annual meeting. New Orleans LA, 1990.

Ankrah, E Maxine, Janet W McGrath, Debra A Schumann, Steven Nkumbi, and Monica Lubega. "The Impact of Aids on Family Structure and Function in Uganda." In American Anthropological Association annual meeting. Washington DC, 1989.

Ankrah, E Maxine, Marvellous M Mhloyi, Florence Manguyu, and Ruth Wanjiru Nduati. "Women and Children and Aids." In Aids in Africa, edited by Max Essex, Souleymane Mboup, Phyllis J Kanki and Bbowa R Kalengayi. New York: Raven Press, 1994.

Ankrah, E Maxine, D Schumann, J McGrath, A Gessa, S Ndumbi, and M Lubega. "Stress and Coping among Rural Families in Uganda." In VIII International Conference on AIDS/III STD World Congress, 2, D388. Amsterdam: Congrex, 1992.

Ankrah, E Maxine, D Schumann, J McGrath, Steven Nkumbi, M Lubega, and A Misanya-Gessa. "Family Provision of Care to Persons with Aids in Urban and Rural Uganda." In IXth International Conference on AIDS/IVth STD World Congress, 2, 941. Berlin, 1993.

Ankrah, E Maxine, A Turiho, M Matembe, and G Bukombi. "Acfode: Incorporating Aids on the Agenda." In VIII International Conference on AIDS/III STD World Congress, 2, D428. Amsterdam: CONGREX, 1992.

Ankrah, E Maxine, S Wangalwa, J Cutler, B Biryahwaho, A Misanya-Gessa, and S Kyomubendo. "Aids, Fear and Ugandan Women." In VIII International Conference on AIDS/III STD World Congress, 2, D422. Amsterdam: Congrex, 1992.

Ankrah, E Maxine, S Wangalwa, S Kyomubendo, E Wanetosi, and A Misanya-Gessa. "Rural and Urban Mobility and Attendant Sexual Behavior." In VIII International Conference on AIDS/III STD World Congress, 2, D426. Amsterdam: Congrex, 1992.

Antoniello, Patricia. "Women and Aids: The Politics of Reproduction." In American Anthropological Association. New Orleans, LA, 1990.

________. "Women Hiv and Pregnancy Decisions: Ethical Issues and Anthropological Research." In American Anthropological Association. Washington DC, 1993.

________. " Women and Hiv, Missing the Target: Public Policy, Public Health and Reproductive Rights." In 93rd annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Atlanta, 1994.

Antonio, Gene. The Aids Cover Up: The Real and Alarming Facts About Aids. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1986.

Antunes, Jose Leopoldo Ferreira, and Eliseu Alves Waldman. "The Impact of Aids, Immigration and Housing Overcrowding on Tuberculosis Deaths in Sao Paulo." Social Science & Medicine 52, no. 7 (2001): 1071-1080.

Antunes, M C, V Paiva, M Balestrini, V Stempliuk, F Silveira, and R Stall. "Variables Associated with Condom Use among Adolescent Primary Night School Students in Sao Paulo Brazil (Poster Abstract Pd0577)." In Tenth International Conference on AIDS/International Conference on STD, 2, 349. Yokohama, 1994.

Antunes, M. C., R. D. Stall, V. Paiva, C. A. Peres, J. Paul, M. Hudes, and N. Hearst. "Evaluating an Aids Sexual Risk Reduction Program for Young Adults in Public Night Schools in Sao Paulo, Brazil." AIDS 11 Suppl 1 (1997): S121-7.

Anzala, A O, F A Plummer, E N Ngugi, W Emosyi, J K Kreiss, and J O Ndinya-Achola. "Rapid Development of Sympomatic Hiv-1 Related Disease in Prostitutes in Nairobi, Kenya." In VIII International Conference on AIDS/III STD World Congress, 2, C303. Amsterdam: CONGREX, 1992.

Aplasca, M. R., D. Siegel, J. S. Mandel, R. T. Santana-Arciaga, J. Paul, E. S. Hudes, O. T. Monzon, and N. Hearst. "Results of a Model Aids Prevention Program for High School Students in the Philippines." AIDS 9 Suppl 1 (1995): S7-13.

Aráuz, R., P. Ortells, A. Morales, M. Guevara, and M. Shedlin. Sexo Inseguro: Investigación Cualitativa Sobre Comportamiento Sexual De Alto Riesgo Respecto Al Sida En Nicaragua. Managua, Nicaragua: Fundación Nimehuatzin, 1997.

Arguelles, Lourdes, and Anne M Rivero. "Hiv Infection/Aids and Latinas in Los Angeles County: Considerations for Prevention, Treatment, and Research Practice." California Sociologist 11, no. 1-2 (1988): 69-89.

Ariss, Robert M., and Gary M. Dowsett. Against Death : The Practice of Living with Aids Theory and Practice in Medical Anthropology and International Health ; Vol.5/1997. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach, 1997.

Armelagos, George J, Mary Ryan, and Thomas Leatherman. "Evolution of Infectious Disease: A Biocultural Analysis of Aids." American Journal of Human Biology 2 (1990): 353-363.

Armstrong, Jana L. "Causal Explanations of Aids." In The Meaning of Aids: Implications for Medical Science Clinical Practice and Public Health Policy, edited by Eric T Juengst and Barbara A Koenig, 12-20. New York: Praeger, 1989.

Aronoff, Sharon, Nancy L. Breuer, and Dwayne C. Turner. "A Guide to Self Care for Hiv Infection." 2, 885, 1993.

Aronstein, David M., and Bruce J. Thompson. Hiv and Social Work : A Practitioner's Guide Haworth Psychosocial Issues of Hiv/Aids. New York: Haworth Press, 1998.

Ashery, Rebecca Sager, Robert G. Carlson, Russel S. Falck, Harvey A. Siegal, and Jichuan Wang. "Female Condom Use among Injection Drug- and Crack Cocaine-Using Women. [Letter]." Journal of Public Health 85 (1995): 736-737.

Ashery, Rebecca Sager, Robert G. Carlson, Russel S. Falck, and Harvey A. Siegal. "Injection Drug Users, Crack-Cocaine Users, and Human Service Utilization: An Exploratory Study." Social Work 40 (1995): 75-82.

Atillasoy, Aylin, and Michael C. Clatts. "Street Youth and the Political Economy of Nyc: Methodological Applications of Street Ethnography for Aids Prevention." In Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA). Albuquerque, 1995.

Atkins, Carl , and George Beschner, eds. Ethnography: A Research Tool for Policymakers in the Drug and Alcohol Field. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1980.

Atkins, Robert, Thomas W. Sokolowski, and Independent Curators Incorporated. From Media to Metaphor : Art About Aids. New York: Independent Curators Inc., 1991.

Auerbach, Judith , Christina Wypijewska, and H. Keith Brodie, eds. Aids and Behavior: An Integrated Approac. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press, 1994.

Auerbach, J. D., and T. J. Coates. "Hiv Prevention Research: Accomplishments and Challenges for the Third Decade of Aids." American Journal of Public Health 90, no. 7 (2000): 1029-32.

Aversa, S, and C Kimberlin. "Psychosocial Aspects of Antiretroviral Medication Use among Hiv Patients." Patient Education and Counseling 29 (1996): 207-219.

Avila, Mauricio Hernandez, Patricia Uribe Zuniga, and Barbara O de Zalduondo. "Diversity in Commercial Sex Work Systems: Preliminary Findings from Mexico City and Their Implications for Aids Interventions." In Aids and Women's Reproductive Health, edited by LC Chen, 179-194. New York: Plenum, 1991.

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Community-based participatory research to prevent substance abuse and HIV/AIDS in African-American adolescents.

Marcus MT, Walker T, Swint JM, Smith BP, Brown C, Busen N, Edwards T, Liehr P, Taylor WC, Williams D, von Sternberg K.

University of Texas at Houston Health Science Center, School of Nursing, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. Marianne.T.Marcus@uth.tmc.edu

Adolescence is a time for exploration and risk-taking; in today's urban environment, with the twin threats of substance abuse and HIV/AIDS, the stakes are particularly high. This paper describes a community-based participatory research project to design, implement, and evaluate a faith-based substance abuse and HIV/AIDS prevention program for African-American adolescents. A coalition of university-based investigators and African-American church member stakeholders collaborated on all aspects of Project BRIDGE, the 3-year intervention to reduce substance abuse and HIV/AIDS in African-American adolescents. Our results support the use of community-based participatory research to create desirable change in this setting. Adolescents who participated in Project BRIDGE reported significantly less marijuana and other drug use and more fear of AIDS than a comparison group. Project BRIDGE has been designated an official ministry of the church and the program has been extended to others in the larger metropolitan community. The church now has a well-trained volunteer staff University faculty developed skills in negotiating with community-based settings. The coalition remains strong with plans for continued collaborative activities. (2004).

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Simonson, J.N., D.W. Cameron, M.N. Gakinya, and et al. "Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection among Men with Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Experiences from a Center in Africa." New England Journal of Medicine 319, no. 5 (1988): 274-278.

Singer, Eleanor, Theresa F. Rogers, and Mary Corcoran. "The Polls - a Report: Aids." Public Opinion Quarterly 51, no. 4 (1987): 580-595.

Singer, Merrill, Jean Schensul, and Zhongke Jia. "Hiv Infection among Street Iv Drug Users: A Comparison of Seropositives and Seronegatives." In Annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association. New Orleans, Louisiana, 1990.

Singer, Merrill. "Applied Anthropology and the Health Crisis of the Urban Poor." In Hunter College Symposium, AIDS & Discrimination: A Symposium on Race, Gender, and Immigration in the AIDS Epidemic. New York, 1991.

________. "Confronting the Aids Epidemic among Iv Drug Users: Does Ethnic Culture Matter?" AIDS Education and Prevention 3, no. 3 (1991): 258-283.

________. "From Short-Term Project to System Building: The Evolution of Community-Action Anthropology and the Health Crisis of the Urban Poor." In 50th annual meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology. Charleston, South Carolina, 1991.

________. "Hiv Disease and the Puerto Rican Injection Drug User: Experience, Narratives and Social Context." In nnual meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Chicago, 1991.

________. "Aids and Us Ethnic Minorities: The Crisis and Alternative Anthropological Responses." Human Organization 51, no. 1 (1992): 89-95.

________. "Culture and Aids Prevention among Injection Drug Users (Idus): Research Findings from Project Cope." In Annual meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology. Memphis, Tennessee, 1992.

________. "Aids and the Health Crisis of the U.S. Urban Poor: The Perspective of Critical Medical Anthropology." Social Science and Medicine 39, no. 7 (1994): 931-948.

________. "Ethical Challenges in Street Ethnography." Anthropology Newsletter 35, no. 4 (1994): 29-30.

________. "The Politics of Aids: Introduction." Social Science and Medicine 38, no. 10 (1994): 1321-1324.

________. "Providing Substance Abuse Treatment to Puerto Rican Clients Living in the Continental United States." In Substance Abuse Treatment in the Era of Aids, edited by Omowale Amuleru-Marshall, 2, 93-142. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 1995.

Singer, Merrill, and Luis Marxuach-Rodriguez. "Applying Anthropology to the Prevention of Aids: The Latino Gay Men's Health Project." Human Organization 55, no. 2 (1996): 141-148.

Singer, Merrill. "A Dose of Drugs, a Touch of Violence, a Case of Aids: Conceptualizing the Sava Syndemic." Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology 24, no. 2 (1996): 99-110.

________. "The Evolution of Aids Work in a Puerto Rican Community." Human Organization 55, no. 1 (1996): 67-75.

Singer, Merrill, and Margaret R. Weeks. "Preventing Aids in Communities of Color: Anthropology and Social Prevention." Human Organization 55, no. 4 (1996): 488-492.

Singer, Merrill. "Articulating Personal Experience and Political Economy in the Aids Epidemic: The Case of Carlos Torres." In The Political Economy of Aids, edited by Merrill Singer, 61-74. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, 1997.

________. "Forging a Political Economy of Aids." In The Political Economy of Aids, edited by Merrill Singer, 3-32. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, 1997.

________. "Needle Exchange and Aids Prevention: Controversies, Policies and Research." Medical Anthropology 18, no. 1 (1997): 1-12.

________, ed. The Political Economy of Aids. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publsihing Co, 1998.

________. "Anthropology and the Politics of Aids Fatigue." Anthropology Newsletter 40, no. 3 (1999): 58.

________. "The Ethnography of Street Drug Use before Aids: A Historic Review." In Cultural, Observational, and Epidemiological Approaches in the Prevention of Drug Abuse and Hiv/Aids, edited by Patricia Marshall, Merrill Singer and Michael Clatts, 228-264. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1999.

________. "Studying Hidden Populations." In Mapping Networks, Spatial Data and Hidden Populations, Book 4, the Ethnographer's Toolkit, edited by Jean Schensul, Margaret LeCompte, Robert Trotter, E. Cromley and Merrill Singer, 125-191. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press, 1999.

________. "Toward a Critical Biocultural Model of Drug Use and Health Risk." In Cultural, Observational, and Epidemiological Approaches in the Prevention of Drug Abuse and Hiv/Aids, edited by Patricia Marshall, Merrill Singer and Michael Clatts, 26-50. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1999.

________. "Toward the Use of Ethnography in Health Care Program Evaluation." High Plains Applied Anthropologist 19, no. 2 (1999): 144-157.

________. "Why Do Puerto Rican Injection Drug Users Inject So Often?" Anthropology and Medicine 6, no. 1 (1999): 31-58.

Singer, Merrill, and Elsa Huertas. "Am I Brother's Keeper?: A Case Study of the Responsibilities of Research." Human Organization 59, no. 4 (2000): 389-400.

Singer, Merrill. "Evaluating a National Aids Study." Society for Applied Anthropology Newsletter 11, no. 3 (2000): 3-5.

________. "Updates on Projects Recovery and Connect." In Careers in Anthropology: Profiles of Practitioner Anthropologists: Napa Bulletin #20, edited by Paula Sabloff, 64-66. Washington, D.C: National Association for the Practice of Anthropology, American Anthropological Association, 2000.

________. "From Immorality to Illegality to Terrorism: A Dangerous New Wrinkle in the Demonization of Drug Users." Newsletter of the Society of Applied Anthropology 31, no. 2 (2002): 3-4.

________. Enduring Challenges of Community-Based Hiv Prevention among Not-in-Treatment Drug Users. Strategies to Improve the Replicability, Sustainability, and Durability of Hiv Prevention Interventions for Drug Users. Washington, D.C: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2003.

________. "A Dose of Drugs, a Touch of Violence, a Case of Aids, Part 2: Further Conceptualizing the Sava Syndemic " Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology 34, no. 1 (2006): 39-51.

________. "A Dose of Drugs, a Touch of Violence, a Case of Aids, Part 2: Further Conceptualizing the Sava Syndemic " Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology 34, no. 1 (2006): 39-51.

________. "Research-Informed Policy: Our Most Critical Unresolved Issue in Aids (Editorial)." Substance Use and Misuse 41, no. 6-7 (2006): 831-832.

________. "Drugs and Development: The Global Impact of Drug Use and Trafficking on Social and Economic Development." International Journal of Drug Policy (2008 (in press)).

________. Introduction to Syndemics : A Critical Systems Approach to Public and Community Health. 1st ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2009.

________. "Reversing the Hierarchy: Rethinking Multidisciplinarity in Drug Research." International Journal of Drug Policy 14, no. 1 (in press).

Singer, Merrill, and Zhongke Jia, and eds. Pp. 227-255. Westport 1993 . In . , CT: Greenwood Press. "Aids and Puerto Rican Injection Drug Users in the United States." In Handbook on Risk of Aids: Injection Drug Users and Sexual Partners, edited by Barry S. Brown, George M. Beschner and The National AIDS Research Consortium, 1993.

Singer, Merrill, Hans Baer, Sheryl Horowitz, Glenn Scott, and Beth Weinstein. "Pharmacy Access to Syringes among Injection Drug Users: Follow-up Findings from Hartford, Ct." Public Health Reports 113 (Supplement 1) (1998): 81-89.

Singer, Merrill, and Hans A. Baer, eds. Killer Commodities : Public Health and the Corporate Production of Harm: AltaMira Press, 2009.

Singer, Merrill, Benjamin Bowser, and Ernest Quimby. "Assessing Primary, Secondary and Future Benefits of Project Rare." In Communities Assessing Their Aids Epidemics: Results of the Rapid Assessment of Hiv/Aids in Eleven U.S. Cities, edited by Ben Bowser, Ernest Quimbey and Merrill Singer, 231-248. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2007.

Singer, Merrill, and Zaida Castillo. Northeast Hispanic Aids Consortium, Report of First Year Findings: Hartford Subsample. Hartford: Hispanic Health Council, 1989.

Singer, Merrill, Zaida Castillo, Lani Davison, and Candida Flores. "Owning Aids: Latino Organizations and the Aids Epidemic." Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 22, no. 2 (1990): 196-211.

Singer, Merrill, Scott Clair, Jean Schensul, Cristina Huebner, Julie Eiserman, Raul Pino, and Jose Garcia. "Why It Is Easier to Get Drugs Than Drug Treatment in the United States." In Unhealthy Health Policy: A Critical Anthropological Examination, edited by Arachu Castro and Merrill Singer. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press, 2004.

________. "Dust in the Wind: The Growing Use of Embalming Fluid among Youth in Hartford, Ct." Substance Use and Misuse (2005).

Singer, Merrill, Hanteng Dai, Margaret Weeks, and Dorca Malave. "Aids Risk Perception among Women Drug Users in Hartford, Ct." Women and Health 27, no. 1/2 (1998): 67-85.

Singer, Merrill, and Julie Eiserman. "Twilight's Last Gleaning: Rapid Assessment of Late Night Hiv Risk in Hartford, Ct." In Communities Assessing Their Aids Epidemics: Results of the Rapid Assessment of Hiv/Aids in U.S. Cities, edited by Ben Bowser, Ernest Quimbey and Merrill Singer. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2007.

Singer, Merrill, Pamela Erickson, Louise Badiane, Rosemary Diaz, Dugeidy Ortiz, Traci Abraham, and Anna Marie Nicolaysen. "Syndemics, Sex and the City: Understanding Sexually Transmitted Disease in Social and Cultural Context." Social Science and Medicine 63, no. 8 (2006): 2010-2021.

Singer, Merrill, Candida Flores, Zaida Castillo, Celeste Landan, and Georgine S. Burke. "Assessment of Hispanic Communities at Risk for Aids: The Northeast Hispanic Aids Consortium." In Annual meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology. Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1989.

Singer, Merrill, Candida Flores, Lani Davison, Georgine Burke, and Zaida Castillo. "Puerto Rican Community Mobilizing in Response to the Aids Crisis." Human Organization 50, no. 1 (1991): 73-81.

Singer, Merrill, Candida Flores, Lani Davison, Georgine Burke, Zaida Castillo, Kelley Scanlon, and Migdalia Rivera. "Sida: The Economic, Social, and Cultural Context of Aids among Latinos." Medical Anthropology Quarterly 4, no. 1 (1990): 72-114.

Singer, Merrill, Candida Flores, Lani Davison, and William Gonzales. "Reaching Minority Women: Aids Prevention for Latinas." Practicing Anthropology 15, no. 4 (1993): 21-24.

Singer, M., W. Gonzalez, E. Vega, I. Centeno, and D. Davison. "Implementing a Community Based Aids Prevention Program for Puerto Ricans: The Comunidad Y Responsibilidad Project." In Community Based Research and Aids Prevention, edited by J. Van Vugt. South Hadley, MA: Bergin and Garvey.

Singer, Merrill, David Himmelgreen, Bob Dushay, and Margaret Weeks. "Variation in Drug Injection Frequency among out-of-Treatment Drug Users: A National Study." American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 24, no. 2 (1998): 321-341.

Singer, Merrill, David Himmelgreen, Margaret Weeks, Kim Radda, and Rolando Martinez. "Changing the Environment of Aids Risk: Findings on Syringe Exchange and Pharmacy Sale of Syringes in Hartford, Ct." Medical Anthropology 18, no. 1 (1997): 107-130.

Singer, Merrill, Sheryl Horowitz, Kim Radda, and Margaret Weeks. "Syringe Exchange Programs Are Effective." Anthropology Newsletter 39, no. 5 (1998): 45, 47.

Singer, Merrill, Ray Irizarry, and Jean J. Schensul. "Needle Access as an Aids Prevention Strategy for Iv Drug Users: A Research Perspective." Human Organization 50, no. 2 (1991): 142-153.

Singer, Merrill, Zhongke Jia, Jean J. Schensul, Margaret Weeks, and J.B. Page. "Aids and the Iv Drug User: The Local Context in Prevention Efforts." Medical Anthropology Quarterly (1992).

Singer, Merrill, Jianghong Li, Michael Duke, and Pushpinder Pelia. "Bringing Qualitative Methods to Hiv/Aids Research in Jiangmen, China." Society for Applied Anthropology Newsletter 13, no. 4 (2002).

Singer, Merrill, Patricia Marshall, and Michael Clatts. "Frontiers in Aids and Drug Abuse Prevention Research--toward the Integration of Anthropological and Epidemiological Approaches." In Cultural, Observational, and Epidemiological Approaches in the Prevention of Drug Abuse and Hiv/Aids, edited by Merrill Singer, Patricia Marshall and Michael Clatts, 1-25. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1999.

Singer, Merrill, Patricia Marshall, Robert Trotter, Jean Schensul, Margaret Weeks, Janie Simmons, and Kim Radda. "Ethics, Ethnography, Drug Use and Aids: Dilemmas and Standards in Federally Funded Research." In Cultural, Observational, and Epidemiological Approaches in the Prevention of Drug Abuse and Hiv/Aids, edited by Patricia Marshall, Merrill Singer and Michael Clatts, 198-222. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1999.

Singer, Merrill, Greg Mirhej, Derrick Hodge, Hassan Salaheen, Celia Fisher, and Meena Mahadevan. "Ethical Issues in Research with Hispanic Drug Users: Participant Perspectives on Risks and Benefits " Journal of Drug Issues (2008 (in press)).

Singer, Merrill, Greg Mirhej, Susan Shaw, Hassan Salaheen, Jim Vivian, Erica Hastings, Lucy Rohena, DeShawn Jennings, Juhem Narvarro, Alan H. B. Wu, Andrew Smith, and Alberto Perez. "When the Drug of Choice Is a Drug of Confusion: Embalming Fluid Use in Inner City Hartford, Ct." Journal of Ethnicity and Substance Abuse 4, no. 2 (2005).

Singer, Merrill, and Richard Needle. "Preventing Aids among Drug Users: Evaluating Efficacy." Journal of Drug Issues 26, no. 3 (1996): 521-524.

Singer, Merrill, Peggy Owens, and Lydia Reyes. "Culturally Appropriate Aids Prevention for Iv Drug Users and Their Sexual Partners." In First Annual NADR National Meeting. Washington, D.C., 1989.

Singer, Merrill, and Nancy Romero-Daza. "A Notable Connection between Substance Abuse, Violence, and Aids: Initial Findings from Research in the Puerto Rican Community of Hartford." The Bulletin of the Alcohol & Drug Study Group 34, no. 2 (1999): 9-12.

Singer, Merrill, Nancy Romero-Daza, Margaret Weeks, and Pushpinder Pelia. "Ethnography and the Evaluation of Needle Exchange in the Prevention of Hiv Transmission." In Qualitative Methods in Drug Abuse and Hiv Research: National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monographs No. 157, edited by Elizabeth Lambert, Rebecca Ashery and Richard Needle, 231-257. Washington, D.C: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1995.

Singer, Merrill, Glen Scott, Scott Wilson, Delia Easton, and Margaret Weeks. ""War Stories": Aids Prevention and the Street Narratives of Drug Users." Qualitative Health Research 11, no. 5 (2001): 589-611.

Singer, Merrill, Janie Simmons, Michael Duke, and Lorie Broomhall. "The Challenges of Street Research on Drug Use, Violence, and Aids Risk." Addiction Research and Theory 9, no. 4 (2001): 365-402.

Singer, Merrill, Tom Stopka, Cara Siano, Kristen Springer, George Barton, Kaveh Khoshnood, April Gorry de Puga, and Robert Heimer. "The Social Geography of Aids and Hepatitis Risk: Qualitative Approaches for Assessing Local Differences in Sterile Syringe Access among Injection Drug Users." American Journal of Public Health 90, no. 7 (2000): 1049-1056.

Singer, Merrill, Margaret Weeks, and David Himmelgreen. "Sale and Exchange of Syringes (Letter to the Editor)." Journal of Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease Syndromes and Human Retrovirology 10 (1995): 104.

Singer, Merrill C. "Advocacy and Anthropology: Health Praxis in a Community Organization." In 93rd annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Atlanta, 1994.

________. "Community-Centered Praxis: Toward an Alternative Non-Dominative Applied Anthropology." Human Organization 54, no. 4 (1994): 336-344.

________. "Getting Some Drug Help: Barriers to Drug Treatment for Women of Color." In annual meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA). Albuquerque, 1995.

Singer, MerrilI C., and Elizabeth Toledo. "Oppression Illness: Critical Theory and Intervention with Women at Risk for Aids." In 94th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Washington, D.C., 1995.

Singer., Merrill. "Engaging Emergent Diseases and Emergent Causes of Disease." Anthropology Newsletter 44, no. 6 (2003): 4.

Singh, N.E., Y.I. Singh, N.C. Singh, and E.K. Singh. "Seroprevalence of Hiv Infection in High Risk Groups in Manipur." Journal of Communicable Diseases 19, no. 4 (1987): 373-376.

Singh, Raghu N., N. Prabha Unnithan, and James D. Jones. "Behavioural Impacts of the Fear of Aids: A Sociological Model." Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 15, no. 3 (1988): 29-45.

Sison, J., E. Miller, S. Tu, R. Carlson, Stanley Deresinski, and M. Musen. "Evaluating Automated Eligibility Determination for Hiv Clinical Trials (Oral Abstract 433b)." In Tenth International Conference on AIDS/International Conference on STD, 2, 35. Yokohama, 1994.

Sittig, J. "Parental Authoritarianism and Children's Beliefs About People with Aids." In annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Social Problems (SSSP). Washington, D.C., 1995.

Skolnik, H. S., K. A. Phillips, D. Binson, and J. W. Dilley. "Deciding Where and How to Be Tested for Hiv: What Matters Most?" J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27, no. 3 (2001): 292-300.

Sloan, N., C. Quimby, B. Winikoff, N. Schwabelle, S. Miller, and B. Pbiak. Guidelines and Instruments for a Situation Analysis of Obstetric Services. New York: Population Council, 2001.

Sloboda, Zili. "What We Have Learned from Research About the Prevention of Hiv Transmission among Drug Users." Public Health Reports 113, no. Supplement 1 (1998): 194-204.

Smith, Bev J. "International Trade and Migration: The Political Economy of Aids in Rural Kenya." In 94th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Washington, D.C., 1995.

Smith, D. "Modern Marriage, Men’s Extramarital Sex, and Hiv Risk in Nigeria " American Journal of Public Health 97, no. 6 (2007): 997-1005.

________. "Intimacy, Infidelity, and Masculinity in Southeastern Nigeria " In Intimacies: Love and Sex across Cultures, edited by W Jankowiak, 224-244. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008.

Smith, D, and B. Mbakwem. "Life Projects and Therapeutic Itineraries: Marriage, Fertility, and Antiretroviral Therapy in Nigeria." AIDS & Public Policy Journal 21 (suppl 5) (2007): :S37-S41.

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Smith, Laura, Elise Riley, Peter Beilensen, David Vlahov, and Benjamin Junge. "A Focus Group Evaluation of Drop Boxes for Safe Syringe Disposal." Journal of Drug Issues 28, no. 4 (1998).

Smith, Prince C. "Medication Therapy among Idu's with Hiv/Aids Infection." In 93rd annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Atlanta, 1994.

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Smyth, Fiona. "Cultural Constraints on the Delivery of Hiv/Aids Prevention in Ireland." Social Science & Medicine 46, no. 6 (1998): 661-772.

Sobo, E. Choosing Unsafe Sex: Aids Risk Denial among Disadvantaged Women. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.

________. "Eighth Social Aspects of Aids Conference: A Review." AIDS and Anthropology Bulletin 8, no. 1 (1996): 7-8.

Sobo, E., G. Zimet, H. Cecil & T. Zimmerman. "Doubting the Experts: Aids Conspiracy Rhetoric and Aids Misconceptions among Runaway Adolescents." Human Organization 56, no. 3 (1997): 311-320.

Sobo, E. "Love, Jealousy, and Unsafe Sex among Impoverished Inner-City Women." In The Political Economy of Aids, edited by M. Singer, 75-103. Amityville, NY: Baywood, 1997.

________. "Safer Communities: Transgender Issues." AIDS and Anthropology Bulletin 9, no. 2 (1997): 6-7.

________. "Self-Disclosure and Self-Construction among Hiv-Positive People: The Rhetorical Uses of Stereotypes and Sex." Anthropology & Medicine 4, no. 1 (1997): 67-87.

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Sobo, E., & R. Frankenberg. "Aids/Hiv in the Timescapes of a New Millenium." In 98th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, 1999.

Sobo, E. "Cultural Models and Hiv/Aids: New Anthropological Views." Anthropology & Medicine 6, no. 1 (1999): 5-12.

Sobo, E., ed. "Special Issue on Hiv/Aids." Anthropology & Medicine 6, no. 1 (1999).

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________. "Inner-City Women and Aids: The Psycho-Social Benefits of Unsafe Sex." Culture, Medicine, Psychiatry 17, no. 4 (1993): 455-485.

________. "Meaning and Its Usefulness for Inner-City Hiv/Aids Interventions." Practicing Anthropology 15, no. 4 (1993): 56-58.

________. "Attitudes toward Hiv Testing among Impoverished Inner-City African-American Women." Medical Anthropology 16 (1994): 17-38.

________. "Attitudes toward Hiv Testing among Urban Impoverished African-American Women." Medical Anthropology Quarterly (1994).

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________. "Concealing Positive Hiv Serostatus from Sexual Partners: The Seropositive Person's Point of View." In 94th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Washington, D.C., 1995.

________. "Romance, Finance, Social Support, and Condom Use among Impoverished Inner-City Women." Human Organization 54, no. 2 (1995): 115-128.

________. "Romance, Finance, Social Support, and Condom Use among Impoverished Urban African-American Women." Human Organization (1995).

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