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AIDS and Anthropology Bibliography
On June 5, 1981 the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a report identifying a relatively rare type of pneumonia among five gay men in Los Angeles, these were later determined to be AIDS-related. This report and the year 1981 are generally referred to as the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemics. There is, however, evidence that HIV was present years before the first cases were brought to public attention. Since 1981 research and publication around HIV/AIDS have been voluminous. In fact, many would argue that HIV/AIDS has been the most intensely studied infectious disease in human history. Research has been undertaken in the lab and in the field as well as with respect to efforts to develop and advocate multi- and inter-disciplinary lines of thought. The work has been documented in scholarly journal articles, mass media publications, institutional reports, policy briefs, conference papers, newsletters, edited volumes, books, and ethnographic monographs.
Anthropologists, as part of social scientific scholarly, practitioner, and activist communities, have focused on HIV/AIDS in varying ways since the 1980s. The earliest anthropological publication was by Douglas Feldman. His article concerning social changes among homosexual and bisexual men in New York City appeared in a 1985 issue of Human Organization, a journal published by the Society for Applied Anthropology. Feldman, in collaboration with Thomas Johnson, published the first anthropological edited volume on AIDS in 1986. It was entitled The Social Dimensions of AIDS: Method and Theory and was published by Praeger Press. The pioneering work of Feldman and others, such as Ralph Bolton, Judith Brown, Barbara de Zalduondo, Paul Farmer, Doug Goldsmith, Gilbert Herdt, Arthur Kleinman, Norris Lang, William Leap, Richard Parker, Michael Quam, Dana Raphael, Brooke Schoepf, and Paula Treichler, spurred both the formation of the AIDS and Anthropology Research Group (AARG) and important foundations for anthropological approaches to understand and address HIV/AIDS as we know them today.
Additional information concerning the history of AARG is located in the About AARG section of this webpage. Here, AARG is pleased to present a bibliography of anthropological publications concerning HIV/AIDS. Special thanks to all AARG members and others who have generously contributed to this bibliography over the years. Additional references will be gladly received and periodically added. Please send these items to Susan Pietrzyk at firstname.lastname@example.org. AARG owes tremendous thanks to Dr. Raymond Bucko for his longstanding commitment to developing and maintaining the AIDS and Anthropology Bibliography.
This bibliography relies heavily on the initial bibliographical compilation entitled The AIDS Bibliography: Studies in Anthropology and Related Fields, edited by Ralph Bolton and Gail Orozco in 1994. The rights to electronically publish the work have been granted by the American Anthropological Association. This bibliography (1,663 citations) was entered into Endnote, a bibliographical database, by a student at Creighton University under a research grant provided by the graduate school at Creighton University. The original bibliography published by Bolton and Orozco can be ordered from the American Anthropological Association.
Subsequently, a senior at Creighton University, Andrew Maloney, updated the bibliography as part of a course in AIDS and Anthropology. Under his care, the bibliography grew to 2,546 citations. In March 2003 the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) at the University of California San Francisco permitted AARG to add their on-line bibliography, resulting in 984 new entries. This addition along with a significant number of citations from AARG members increased the bibliography to 4,086 citations as of October 2004. The bibliography was updated by Creighton University undergraduate Byron Borkowsk in December 2006 and by Elizabeth Gluvna in fall 2007, increasing the bibliography to 4,245 references. Ray Bucko solicited additions in fall 2008 and spring 2009 and through member response increased the bibliography to 4,367 references.